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聚氨酯喷涂–猪舍建设中一种不错的保温做法

聚氨酯喷涂是以异氰酸酯和聚醚为主要原料,在发泡剂、催化剂、阻燃剂等多种助剂的作用下,通过专用设备混合,经高压喷涂现场发泡而成的高分子聚合物。聚氨酯硬泡体是一种具有保温与防水功能的新型合成材料,其导热系数低,仅0.022~0.024W/(m².k),相当于挤塑板的一半,是目前所有保温材料中导热系数最低的。目前聚氨酯泡沫塑料主要应用在建筑物外墙保温,屋面防水保温一体化、冷库保温隔热、管道保温材料、建筑板材、冷藏车及冷库隔热材等。

JUANZHIPENTUSHIGONGGONGYI

YI、SHIGONGYAODIAN

1、SHIGONGZHUNBEI

JICENGQIANGTIYINGFUHE《HUNNINGTUJIEGOUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUGUIFAN》(GB50204-2002)HE《QITIGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUGUIFAN》(GB50203-2002)JIXIANGYINGJICENGQIANGTIZHILIANGYANSHOUGUIFANDEYAOQIUBINGTONGGUOYANSHOU。JUANZHIDEXINGNENGZHIBIAOYINGFUHEJC/T998-2006《PENTUJUANZHIYINGPAOTIBAOWENCAILIAO》DEYAOQIU。QIANGMIANYINGQINGLIGANJING,WUYOUZI、WUFUHUI。SHIGONGKONGDONG、JIAOSHOUJIAYANYIJIYANGTAIBAN、QIANGMIANQUESUNCHUYINGYONGSHAJIANGXIUBUZHENGQI;QIANGMIANSONGDONG、FENGHUABUFENYINGTICHUGANJING。JICENGQIANGMIANPINGZHENGDUWUCHABUDECHAOGUO3mm。

2、HUANJINGYAOQIU:

a、SHIGONGZUOYEQIJIANQIXIANGYINGMANZUYIXIATIAOJIAN:XIANCHANGPENTUZUOYESHIHUANJINGQIWENYIWEI15℃-40℃,DANBUYINGDIYU10℃HUOGAOYU40℃;QIANGMIANHANSHUILVYIWEI9%,FENGLIBUDAYUDENG5m/s(3JIFENG)XIANGDUISHIDUYINGXIAOYU80%,YUTIANBUDESHIGONG。DANGSHIGONGSHIHUANJINGWENDUDIYU10℃SHI,YINGCAIQUKEKAODEJISHUCUOSHIBAOZHENGPENTUZHILIANG。GAOSHIHUOBAOSHAIXIAYANJINZUOYE。

b、WAIBAOWENSHIGONGYUZUOYEJISHUTIAOJIANRUXIA:

WAIYANDANPAIHUOSHUANGPAIGANGGUANJIAOSHOUJIA,GANGGUANMENSHIJIAOSHOUJIA;JUQIANGTIZHUANGSHIMIANYINGWEI(00-2.5MI),ZUIDACHUBUCHAOGUO5MI;SHEYOUBUDAYU1.2MIDEWEIHULANGAN;QISHIGONGBIXUFUHEGUOJIAXIANXINGANQUANJISHUGUIDING。JIAOSHOUJIADEDASHE,YINGMANZUPENTUDEJINDUYAOQIU。

c、JUANZHIBAILIAO、HEILIAOYINGZAIGANZAO、TONGFENG、YINLIANGDECHANGSUOMIFENGZHUCUN,BAILIAOZHUCUNWENDUYI15℃~20℃WEIYI,BUDECHAOGUO30℃,BUDEPUSHAI。HEILIAOZHUCUNWENDUYI15℃~35℃WEIYI,BUDECHAOGUO35℃,ZUIDIZHUCUNWENDUBUDEDIYU5℃。JUANZHIBAILIAO、JUANZHIHEILIAODEZHUCUNQIJUNWEI6GEYUE。JUANZHIBAILIAO、HEILIAOZAIZHUCUNYUNSHUZHONGYINGYOUFANGSHAICUOSHI。

ER、JICENGCHULI

QIANGMIANYINGQINGLIGANJING、QINGXIYOUZI、QINGCHUFUHUIDENG。QIANGMIANSONGDONG、FENGHUABUFENYINGTICHUGANJING。QIANGMIANPINGZHENGDUKONGZHIZAI±3mmYIXIA。RUGUOJICENGPIANCHAGUODA,YINGMOSHAJIANGJINXINGZHAOPING。QUCHUWAIQIANGSUOYOUFUZHEWU、YOUWUJIHUNNINGTULIANGWAIZHANGDENGQUEXIANXIUZHENGHEGE,TUCHUWUGAODU

SAN、DIAOCHUIZHI、DANKONGZHIXIAN

ZAIDINGBUQIANGMIANYUDIBUQIANGMIANXIAPENGZHANGLUOSHUAN,ZUOWEIDAQIANGMIANGUAXIANTIESIDECHUIGUADIAN,GAOCENGJIANZHUYONGJINGWEIYIDADIANGUAXIAN,DUOCENGJIANZHUYONGDAXIANZHUIDIAOXIGANGSIGUAXIAN,YONGJINXIANQILEJINZAIQIANGTIDAYIN、YANGJIAOANZHUANGGANGCHUIXIAN,GANGCHUIXIANJUQIANGTIDEJULIWEIBAOWENCENGDEZONGHOUDU。GUAXIANHOUMEICENGSHOUXIANYONG2mGANGCHIJIANCHAQIANGMIANPINGZHENGDU,YONG2mTUOXIANBANJIANCHAQIANGMIANCHUIZHIDU。DADAOPINGZHENGDUYAOQIUFANGKESHIGONG。

SI、SHIGONGGUOCHENG

1、MENCHUANGKOUDENGBUWEIDEZHEDANG

JUANZHIYUZHIJIANZHANJIEWANCHENGHOUPENSHIYINGPAOJUANZHIZHIQIAN,YINGCHONGFENZUOHAOZHEDANGGONGZUO。MENCHUANGKOUDENGYIBANYONGSULIAOBUCAICHENGYUMENCHUANGKOUMIANJIXIANGDANGDEBUKUAIJINXINGZHEDANG。DUIYUJIAZIGUAN,TIEYIDENGBUGUIZEXUFANGHUBUWEIYINGCAIYONGSULIAOBOMOJINXINGCHANRAOFANGHU。

2、PENSHUAJUANZHIFANGCHAODIQI

YONGPENQIANGHUOGUNSHUAJIANGJUANZHIFANGCHAODIQIJUNYUNPENSHUA,WUTOUDIXIANXIANG,PENTULIANGBIAN,SHIJIANJIANGEWEI2XIAOSHI。SHIDUDADETIANQI,SHIDANGYANZHANGSHIJIANJIANGE,YIDIYIBIANBIAOGANWEIBIAOZHUN。

3、PENTUYINGPAOJUANZHIBAOWENCENG

KAIQIJUANZHIPENTUJIJIANGYINGPAOJUANZHIJUNYUNDIPENTUYUQIANGMIANZHISHANG,DUOCENGPENFA:YANQIANGTIDINGJIAOKAISHIPENTU,XIANDING0.5mmDEDICENG,ZHIHOUMEICENGHOUDU20mmDUOCIJINXINGPENTU、SHIJUANZHIPAOMOXINGCHENGDUOCENGFAPAO。SHILENGKUBAOWENXIAOGUODADAOGENGJIA,TONGSHIDUIJUANZHIPAOMODEQIANGDUDADAOGENGGAO,BUHUICHANSHENGKAILIE、TUOLUO。

4、PENSHUAJUANZHIJIEMIANSHAJIANG

JUANZHIBAOWENCENGXIUZHENGWANBIBINGJUANZHIBAOWENYINGCHONGFENSHUHUA24-48hZHIHOU,ZAIJINXINGJUANZHIJIEMIANSHAJIANGSHIGONGGONGXU,YONGPENDOUHUOGUNSHUAJUNYUNDIJIANGJUANZHIJIEMIANSHAJIANGPENSHUAYUYINGPAOJUANZHIBAOWENCENGBIAOMIAN。JUNYUNFUGAIBUNENGYOULOUPENHUOLOUSHUA,ZAIPENWANJUANZHIJIEMIANSHAJIANG12-24hHOU,ZAIJINXINGXIADAOGONGXUDESHIGONG。ZHUYIYUTIANBUNENGPENSHUAJUANZHIJIEMIANSHAJIANG。

5、DIAOCHUIZHIXIAN

ZAIJULOUCENGDINGBUYUE100mmHEJULOUCENGDIBUYUE100mm,TONGSHIJUDAQIANGYINHUOYANGJIAOYUE100mmCHU,GENJUCHUIZHIKONGZHITONGXIANZUOCHUIZHIFANGXIANGHUIBING(LOUCENGJIAOGAOSHIYINGLIANGRENGONGTONGWANCHENG),ZUOWEIJIZHUNHUIBING,ZAIGENJULIANGCHUIZHIFANGXIANGJIZHUNHUIBINGZHIJIANDETONGXIAN,

ZUOQIANGMIANZHAOPINGCENGHOUDUHUIBING,MEIHUIBINGZHIJIANDEJULIAN1.5mZUOYOUJIANGEZHANTIE。HUIBINGKEYONGJIAOFENJUBENKELIJIANGLIAOZUO,YEKEYONGFEIJUBENBANCAICHENG50mm×50mmXIAOKUAIZHANTIE。DAICHUIZHIFANGXIANGHUIBINGGUDINGHOU,ZAILIANGSHUIPINGHUIBINGJIANLASHUIPINGKONGZHITONGXIAN,JUTIZUOFAWEIJIANGDAIXIAOXIANDEXIAOYUANDINGCHARUHUIBING,LAZHIXIAOXIAN,SHIXIAOXIANKONGZHIBIHUIBINGLVEGAO1mm,ZAILIANGHUIBINGZHIJIANAN1.5mZUOYOUJIANGESHUIPINGZHANTIERUOGANHUIBINGHUOCHONGJIN。

MEICENGHUIBINGZHANTIESHIGONGZUOYEWANCHENGHOUSHUIPINGFANGXIANGYONG5mXIAOXIANLAXIANJIANCHAHUIBINGDEYIZHIXING,CHUIZHIFANGXIANGYONG2mTUOXIANBANJIANCHACHUIZHIDU,BINGCELIANGHUIBINGHOUDU,CHONGJINHOUDUYINGYUHUIBINGHOUDUYIZHI。YONG5mXIAOXIANLAXIANJIANCHACHONGJINHOUDUDEYIZHIXING,BINGZUOJILU。

6、ZHAOPINGCENGMOJIAOFENJUBENKELI

MOJIAOFENJUBENKELIBAOWENJIANGLIAOSHI,QIPINGZHENGDUPIANCHABUYINGDAYU±4mm,MOHUIHOUDULVEGAOYUHUIBINGDEHOUDU。BAOWENJIANGLIAOMOHUIANZHAOCONGSHANGZHIXIA,CONGZUOZHIYOUDESHUNXUMO。TUMOZHENGGEQIANGMIANHOU,YONGGANGCHIZAIQIANGMIANSHANGLAIHUICUOMO,QUGAOBUDI。ZUIHOUZAIYONGTIEMOZIYAYIBIAN,SHIBIAOMIANPINGZHENG,HOUDUYIZHI。BAOWENMIANCENGAOXIANCHUYONGXIJIANGLIAOMOPING,DUIYUTUQICHUKEYONGMOZILIQILAIJIANGQIGUAPING。DAIMOWANBAOWENMIANCENG30minHOU,YONGMOZIZAIMOQIANGMIAN,XIANSHUIPINGHOUCHUIZHI,ZAIYONGTUOXIANCHIJIANCEHOUDADAOYANSHOUBIAOZHUN。BAOWENJIANGLIAOSHIGONGSHIYAOZHUYIQINGLILUODIHUI,LUODIHUIYINGJISHISHAOLIANGDUOCIZHONGXINJIAOBANSHIYONG。

7、PUSHEDUXINGANGSIWANG

MOJIAOFENJUBENKELIBAOWENCENG(72XIAOSHIHOU)DUXINGANGWANGPUPING,YONGZHANGDINGHEYAPIANYAJIN,GEDINGYAJINLIYINGJUNYUN,GANGWANGDUIJIE。GANGWANGYUBAOWENCENGTIEJINJUBUJIANXIBUDEGUODA。GANGWANGDUIJIECHUYONGSHUANGGU22#DUXINBANGXIANKUNZHALAOKAO,JIANJU200-250㎜。YANGJIAOCHUGANGWANGDUIJIEANJIANJU100-150㎜YONGSHUANGGU22#DUXINBANGXIANKUNZHA,YANGJIAOBIANBUBIXUYONGZHANGDINGYAJIN(ZHUYIDIAN:GANGSIWANGDUIJIECHUYIDINGYAOJIAOCUOBUXIAOYU50mm。)PUSHEDUXINGANGSIWANGDAMAOGUDING。

8、KANGLIEMOMIANJIAOJIANG

JIANGPEIHAODEKANGLIEMOMIANJIAOJIANGCONGGANGSIWANGDEZHONGYANGXIANGSIZHOUYONGMOZIMOPING,YINGJIANGGANGSIWANGMEIRUJIAOJIANGZHINEIZHAOPINGCENG、SHIGONGWANCHENG3-7TIANQIEBAOWENCENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUYIHOU,JIKEJINXINGKANGLIECENGSHIGONG。